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Solid solution and amorphous phase in Ti-Nb-Ta-Mn systems synthesized by mechanical alloying

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This work discusses the formation of Ti-30Nb-13Ta-xMn (x: 2, 4 and 6 wt%) solid solution by mechanical alloying using a shaker mill. A solid solution was formed after 15 h of milling and an amorphous phase was formed after 30h of milling, according to X-ray diffraction results. Disappearance of strongest X-ray diffraction peaks of Nb, Ta and Mn indicated the formation of solid solution, while, X-ray diffraction patterns of powders milled for 30 h showed an amorphous hump with crystalline peaks in the angular range of 35 to 45° in 2 θ. TEM image analysis showed the presence of nanocrystalline intermetallic compounds embedded in an amorphous matrix. Mn2Ti, MnTi and NbTi4 intermetallic compounds were detected and revealed crystallites with size ranging from 3 to 20 nm. The Gibbs free energy for the formation of solid solution and amorphous phase of three ternary systems (TiNb-Ta, Ti-Nb-Mn and Ti-Ta-Mn) was calculated using extended Miedema’s model. Experimental and thermodynamic data confirmed that solid solution was first formed in the alloy with 6wt% Mn followed by the formation of an amorphous phase as milling time increases. The presence of Mn promoted the formation of amorphous phase because the atomic radius difference between Mn with Ti, Nb and T

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Atribución-SinDerivadas 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-SinDerivadas 3.0 Chile

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